In Sikh tradition, the terms Shiva, Hari, Rama etc. in a nirguna sense means the one Lord Almighty – Sarab Sher shares the definition of Shiva in Mahan Kosh

sarab sher text

mahan kosh

Extracted from SikhiWiki

What is Shiva?

Like many mythical words used in Gurbani like Damodar, Beethula, Ram, Krishna, Jagannath which are attributed to Hindu gods by Hindu people and sanctified in Guru Granth Sahib, Shiva is another word used by Hindus but interpretations of Shiva are defined in limits of Gurmat by Guru Gobind Singh in Dasam Granth.

Unlike Shaiv Hindus, Guru Gobind Singh did not believe Mahadev or his wife as Shiv-Shakti. In Chopai Sahib, Guru Gobind Singh said cleared it by saying

ਮਹਾਂਦੇਵ ਕੌ ਕਹਤ ਸਦਾ ਸ਼ਿਵ ॥ ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰ ਕਾ ਚੀਨਤ ਨਹਿ ਭਿਵ ॥੩੯੨॥ (Chopai, Dasam Granth),

which signifies that Guru Gobind Singh does not believe Mahadev as Sada Shiv then how could he call his wife Shiva? Now from here the meanings of Shiva does not goes with meanings of Shaiv Hindus. There are many other clues in Dasam Granth which demotes the theory of calling Mahadev’s wife as Shiva.

In Gurmat, Shiva is power or Hukam of Akaal Purakh, to which Gurbani States

ਸਿਵ ਸਕਤਿ ਆਪਿ ਉਪਾਇ ਕੈ ਕਰਤਾ ਆਪੇ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਵਰਤਾਏ ॥(920, M3).

ਦੇਹ ਸਿਵਾ ਬਰੁ ਮੋਹਿ ਇਹੈ
ਸੁਭ ਕਰਮਨ ਤੇ ਕਬਹੂੰ ਨ ਟਰੋਂ ॥
Grant me, O God, this blessing:
May I never refrain from righteous acts.

ਨ ਡਰੋਂ ਅਰਿ ਸੋ ਜਬ ਜਾਇ ਲਰੋਂ
ਨਿਸਚੈ ਕਰਿ ਅਪੁਨੀ ਜੀਤ ਕਰੋਂ ॥
May I fight without fear, all the foes in the battle
and with the courage of faith, achieve this victory.

ਅਰੁ ਸਿਖ ਹੋਂ ਆਪਨੇ ਹੀ ਮਨ ਕੌ
ਇਹ ਲਾਲਚ ਹਉ ਗੁਨ ਤਉ ਉਚਰੋਂ ॥
May my mind be ingrained with Your Teachings,
May my highest ambition be to sing Your Praises.

ਜਬ ਆਵ ਕੀ ਅਉਧ ਨਿਦਾਨ ਬਨੈ
ਅਤਿ ਹੀ ਰਨ ਮੈ ਤਬ ਜੂਝ ਮਰੋਂ ॥੨੩੧॥
And, when this mortal life comes to its end
May I die fighting in battle with limitless courage!


deh shiva - karminder

sarab 1