Bhai Gurdas Varan has been referred to by Guru Arjan as the Key to the Guru Granth Sahib – Giani Kulwant Singh

Giani Kulwant Singh


Bhai Gurdas (1551- 23 September 16371) is a much honoured Sikh scholar, missionary, and literary master who is also respected for his Sikh way of life. He was a leading figure in Sikhism who enjoyed the company of Guru Arjan, the fifth Sikh Guru.

It was under the supervision of the fifth Sikh Guru that he inscribed the first copy of Sikh Scripture, then called The Adi Granth, which is now respected as the perpetual Guru of the Sikhs and is central of the Sikh religion. He was also responsible for various writings in his own right which have gained much respect in the Sikh community. His Varan have been referred to by Guru Arjan as the “Key” (“khungee”) to the Guru Granth Sahib. Bhai sahib is also responsible for composing the composition known as “Kabit Savaiye Bhai Gurdas”.

Bhai Sahib was born in a Bhalla Khatri family. His father was Bhai Ishar Das and his mother’s name was Mata Jivani. He was born at Goindval, Punjab, India in 1551. He was the nephew of the third Guru, Guru Amar Das. (see Guru family tree) Bhai Gurdas was a first cousin of Mata Bhani, mother of Guru Arjan Dev.